Blockchain Aesthetics – Meshes

blockchain-mesh

blockchain-mesh-with-menu

I’ve added some three.js renderings to Blockchain Aesthetics. You can show live or arbitrary hashes, in a variety of forms, and save them in 3D printable forms.

See here for blocks.

And here for transactions.

Source code here.

A DAOWO Reading List

daowo-cover
Cover image by Martin Grandjean, 2014, Licensed Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike.

Here’s some suggested reading around the concepts involved with DAOWO.

DIWO

DIWO – Do It With Others: Resource – Furtherfield.

DIWO: Do It With Others – No Ecology without Social Ecology – Ruth Catlow & Marc Garrett.

DAOs

11 Best Reads For Learning About Decentralized Applications – Tom Kysar.

What Does it Take to Succeed as a Decentralized Autonomous Organization? – William Mougayar.

Blockchain – Melanie Swan.

From Bitcoin To Burning Man And Beyond – Ed. John H. Clippinger & David Bollier.

Bitcoin And Philosophy (Book coming soon.) – Nick Land.

Money Lab Reader – Ed. Geert Lovink, Nathaniel Tkacz &Patricia de Vries.

Decentralized Applications (Coming soon.) – Siraj Raval.

Much soul, very emotion: Why I buy into the cult of Dogecoin – Brett Scott.

Conceptual Art, Cryptocurrency And Beyond – Me.

The ABC of Accelerationist Blockchain Critique – Me.

My Little Penny – Bitcoin Is Magic – Me.

DAOWO

daowo-cover
Cover image by Martin Grandjean, 2014, Licensed Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike.

http://www.furtherfield.org/artdatamoney/debate

Furtherfield have created a beautifully designed pamphlet of a whitepaper that I wrote for them about combining cryptoculture with participatory art shows.

DAOWO – DAO it With Others

DIWO (Do It With Others) is a distributed campaign for emancipatory, networked art practices instigated by Furtherfield in 2006.

A DAO is a Decentralised Autonomous Organization, effectively a corporation or a charitable trust implemented in networked computer code.

Both are decentralised. A DAO has no single point of failure on the network, existing on the blockchain. A DIWO event is organised online and open to participants worldwide.

Both are an application of network technology to social organization. A DAO implements a corporation, charity, club or co­operative. A DIWO event organizes artists, curators and writers to produce and exhibit work together.

Both are rule driven and participatory. A DAO consists of trustless, incorruptible code that serves the interests of its members or clients. A DIWO event is a themed open call for artworks.

Both are ways of managing scarce resources. A DAO manages resources such as a cryptocurrency token or the lock on a door. A DIWO event allocates the productive efforts and attention of an audience and the display space of a gallery.

A DAOWO would be a combination of the two ­ Decentralised Autonomous Organization With Others.

For the full download, see the link that says “Download the full paper here“.

Art Data Money

title: Art Data Money

adm-logo

Art Data Money is Furtherfield‘s new programme of art shows, lab events and debates.

“Art Data Money aims to build a commons for arts in the network age, and invites people to join us and discover new ways for cryptocurrencies and big data to benefit us all.”

I’ve art and writing in the programme, which brings together some of the themes I’ve been working on for the last few years. Take a look, download a manifesto, join the conversation and buy some re-de-enclosed 3D printed readymade art for Bitcoin.

My Little Penny – Bitcoin Is Magic

“Change for the machines.” – Synners, Pat Cadigan

Theodor Adorno regarded the occult as a politically quiescent denial of alienation through a regression to animism.

“Occultism is a reflex-action to the subjectification of all meaning, the complement of reification. If; to the living, objective reality seems deaf as never before, they try to elicit meaning from it by saying abracadabra. Meaning is attributed indiscriminately to the next worst thing: the rationality of the real, no longer quite convincing, is replaced by hopping tables and rays from heaps of earth.”
– Theses Against Occultism, Theodor Adorno

And this is true, although as always it would be wrong to attribute a more general feature of human psychology uniquely to a single religion.

The Baudrillardian Disneyland of religion is the cargo cult, in which Melanesian islanders re-enact the long-ago observed activities of departed American troops in order to cause the vehicles that delivered wartime supplies to return. To the outside observer it is obvious that both the occult and cargo cults fall foul of the distinction between correlation and causation.

The occult, like philosophy, suffers from the semantic fallacy. This is the equivalent of the pathetic fallacy for meaning, the projection of cognitive structures of logical rather than emotional significance onto the external environment. Magick extends this with the adolescent male power fantasy of imposing one’s will directly on reality, of reducing the amount of work one has to do to get what one deserves. In this it resembles economics.

Modern economics uses statistics to model reality. Samples are drawn from populations, and various tests are used to ensure that conclusions about these samples accurately represent the wider population. Policy based on these conclusions can then be applied to the general population safe in the knowledge that they will almost certainly only be wrong a specified percentage of the time. Statistics is the state religion of economics, bringing revelation and absolution back from the numeric plane.

In “Qabbala 101”, Nick Land describes the assumptions of Kabbalic gematria. It is possible to detect a signal from outside the system from traces within the system. And this can be done using mathematics to find the contingent numeric properties of words, by counting their length or by mappings of their consonants to numeric values. In this way the text can refer outside the text. Get the numbers right and you get your cargo or impose your will. To an outside observer the obvious problem with gematria is that there are lies, damn lies and statistics.

The popularity of cryptocurrencies represents in no small part a reaction to the financial crisis and austerity. That reaction takes the form of a retreat from conventional economic and political action, and represents at least an economic occult. A de-supernaturalised magic (like a de-supernaturalised economics…) has a cognitive remainder. It is a means of modulating human experience and affecting human behaviour. Belief in imaginary entities, whether thoughtforms or money, is not necessary for them to have effect.

Without the coercive power of the state backing them, cryptocurrencies’ re-enactment of the rituals of fiat currency amount to cargo cults. In their attempt to circumvent the work of economics and banking they resemble magick. But in their use of mathematics they resemble the Kabbalah. Accounts and transactions in Bitcoin are represented and protected using cryptographic hashes, a way of using mathematics to both conceal the content of and prove the identity of a piece of information. This takes place in the blockchain, a data structure built and validated by machines across the Bitcoin network. The blockchain is a fiat currency hors-texte, a monetary outside.

The Bitcoin protocol that constructs the blockchain is a set of meaningful actions that are the embodiment and amplification of human intent. It is a ritual. As with copyright in AI, the benefit of intent accrues to its human initiator. This isn’t the first time a massively distributed electronic ritual has taken place, the Dalai Lama pointed out in the 1990s that having Avalokitesvara’s mantra on your hard disk is like having a prayer wheel on your computer. In the case of Bitcoin this ritual consists of the endless mathematical and network operations that build the blockchain.

This is why Bitcoin is magic. Get the numbers right and you can signal outside the system. Get the numbers right and you can map the results back onto society from the numeric plane. Get the numbers right and you will receive the cargo you ordered. It’s a ritual to transform society.

Via Netbehaviour, last year.

Critical Coins

dogeart
(Illustration from: http://ofdoge.wordpress.com/2013/12/05/art-doge/, copyright the artist.)

To make the process of art reviews and criticism more transparent and quantifiable, we can use cryptographic asset tokens to represent critical opinion and valences.

See here for how:

http://robmyers.wpengine.com/critical-coins/

Art Coins (Coloured) – Crypto Token Art

colourcoinbalances

Dogeparty crypto asset tokens representing different kinds of art.

See here: http://robmyers.wpengine.com/art-coins-coloured/

Easier Dogecode

I’ve added a Dogecode runner that uses dogepartychain.info‘s API rather than requiring a local dogepartyd instance to be running. You can get the runner as part of the Dogecode source code here: https://github.com/robmyers/dogecode And you use it like this:

dcrunw DFibwNZvuJaHM9bD6x1WA63urkHiE4tWzF

which will fetch the program encoded as Dogeparty tokens at the specified address (DFib…) and run it locally. Here’s some addresses to try:

DCvDS9g9VUZ94MSLbWi4zWRtxHrXeEctZ3

DFZkhTXwAWW7PqBvVkohCFWobipqw3xmAn

DFibwNZvuJaHM9bD6x1WA63urkHiE4tWzF

DQuineX1BTF4ZD6DQxxsbUgVttmR4LvrdY

Dogecode

dcrun -u rpcuser -w rpcpassword DCvDS9g9VUZ94MSLbWi4zWRtxHrXeEctZ3
Hello World!

Cryptographic asset tokens can represent all kinds of things.

Including computer programs. Introducing…:

Dogecode

(There are several other projects called Dogecode. This isn’t them).

Dogecode takes computer programs in the Brainfuck programming language (chosen for simplicity of encoding):

++++++++[>++++[>++>+++>+++>+<<<<-]>+>+>->>+[<]<-]>>.>---.+++++++..+++.>>.<-.<.+++.------.--------.>>+.>++.

and translates them into a csv file of token amounts using dcc:

INCB,8
JFOR,1
INCP,1
INCB,4
JFOR,1
INCP,1
INCB,2
INCP,1
INCB,3
INCP,1
...

which are then sent to a Dogeparty address (slowly) as a series of token transfer transactions using dcsend:

Sending lots of tokens. Make sure you really want to do this.
Waiting for token state to synch
Row 1: INCB,8
Waiting for token state to synch...........
Row 2: JFOR,1
Waiting for token state to synch.............
Row 3: INCP,1
Waiting for token state to synch........
Row 4: INCB,4
Waiting for token state to synch..................
Row 5: JFOR,1
Waiting for token state to synch.......................
Row 6: INCP,1
Waiting for token state to synch.......................
Row 7: INCB,2
Waiting for token state to synch......
Row 8: INCP,1
Waiting for token state to synch......
Row 9: INCB,3
Waiting for token state to synch......
Row 10: INCP,1
Waiting for token state to synch.....................
Row 11: INCB,3
Waiting for token state to synch..............
Row 12: INCP,1
Waiting for token state to synch.....

The transactions encode the program on the address, which can then be fetched and run as seen at the top of this post using dcrun.

For more details see the whitepaper.

Update: There’s an easier to use runner and more examples here.

Blockchain Aesthetics 2

Visualizing Bitcoin blockchain transactions – click on each image to run in your browser.

Each hash as instructions for a turtle graphics pen:

turtles

Life games with each hash as the starting board state:

lifes

A Chernoff Face of each hash:

chernoffs

Cellular automata with each hash as the initial row:

cellulars

Quadratic curves with the bytes of each hash as the control point co-ordinates:

beziers-not-really