CAD – HDP Topics Of Press Releases

Topics chosen from press releases on the Contemporary Art Daily blog using gensim’s Hierarchical Dirichlet Process model:

exhibition, work, art, works, new, artist, one, gallery, museum, also, paintings, link, time, space, like, painting, york, artists, first, show

art, works, work, exhibition, artist, new, paintings, one, link, museum, painting, also, gallery, space, first, time, series, like, artists, solo

art, works, work, exhibition, new, artist, space, gallery, link, museum, one, form, time, paintings, also, first, painting, artists, sculpture, sculptures

art, exhibition, work, new, works, artist, gallery, painting, space, link, one, like, museum, paintings, first, berlin, solo, also, film, two

art, exhibition, work, new, works, artist, gallery, zobernig, also, one, link, space, two, secession, painting, words, form, like, time, paintings

great, art, offers, artist, exhibition, museum, new, works, work, solo, one, berlin, kudo, photography, world, first, exhibitions, objects, gallery, link

art, new, works, exhibition, work, museum, exhibitions, york, recent, artist, link, gallery, photographs, one, space, berlin, present, artists, oil, sculptures

exhibition, new, art, chapter, works, work, york, artist, paintings, gallery, production, museum, video, link, lieske, basel, made, 2008, sculpture, painting

paintings, white, works, one, zobernig, exhibition, painting, canvas, space, form, work, words, new, paint, gallery, two, like, even, v, also

exhibition, work, space, art, new, gerber, also, artist, paintings, works, tompkins, clear, light, model, ground, rees, link, waves, mason, like

one, new, work, exhibition, art, works, time, hope, artist, paintings, link, first, york, pistoletto, contemporary, gallery, amnesia, kawara, museum, ttinger

paintings, new, works, artist, work, exhibition, wood, sculptures, painting, nicola, series, woolford, first, art, meise, peter, buggenhout, link, sculpture, materials

new, painting, art, oehlen, exhibition, york, paintings, sculptures, work, solo, gallery, albert, one, works, artist, merkel, fecteau, exhibitions, mauss, 2011

works, exhibition, new, painting, images, art, paintings, artist, otto, knapp, lassry, also, link, visual, light, tovborg, hein, image, design, based

art, new, works, museum, exhibition, baldessari, pies, t, work, artist, bernstein, one, pittman, paintings, images, gallery, like, 2009, first, well

works, painting, paintings, exhibition, work, series, art, new, artist, also, one, bessone, green, hylden, gallery, color, link, time, gilliam, like

works, riedel, artist, work, art, exhibition, like, sander, new, objects, also, michael, seem, images, world, paintings, artists, link, form, object

works, exhibition, new, artist, paintings, series, present, one, time, gallery, link, wohnseifer, mosset, tone, museum, reid, solo, pittman, tones, box

exhibition, work, film, sculptures, neill, art, camp, new, genzken, paintings, gonzalez, torres, artist, also, works, artists, sculpture, yes, mmk, wall

new, art, work, exhibition, beery, artist, images, meo, gallery, paintings, link, early, show, york, objects, also, space, body, oehlen, like

Posted in Art, Projects

Contemporary Art Daily Most Frequently Mentioned Named Entities

Named entities mentioned fifty or more times by press releases in the Contemporary Art Data blog dataset (NLTK):

“John”,50
“Palais”,50
“Portikus”,50
“Fine Arts”,52
“Milan”,52
“Belgium”,53
“Venice Biennale”,53
“European”,55
“MoMA”,55
“Stedelijk Museum”,55
“America”,57
“Chinese”,57
“Rome”,59
“Japanese”,60
“Born”,62
“Kunsthalle Basel”,62
“Tate Modern”,63
“Basel”,64
“British”,64
“Swiss”,64
“New Museum”,65
“Hamburg”,66
“Italian”,66
“San Francisco”,66
“Zurich”,67
“New”,75
“Munich”,78
“University”,81
“NY”,82
“New York City”,83
“Japan”,84
“French”,86
“Kunstverein”,86
“Amsterdam”,89
“Frankfurt”,92
“Brussels”,94
“Italy”,97
“Martin”,98
“California”,100
“USA”,100
“Untitled”,102
“American Art”,104
“Kunsthalle”,105
“Tokyo”,112
“United States”,112
“Cologne”,119
“Whitney Museum”,123
“Switzerland”,130
“France”,131
“Europe”,132
“German”,150
“Vienna”,150
“Chicago”,161
“Art”,244
“Modern Art”,247
“Germany”,288
“American”,297
“Museum”,344
“Los Angeles”,374
“Paris”,454
“Berlin”,536
“London”,585
“New York”,1214
“Link”,1499

Posted in Art, Projects

Facecoin at The New Sublime

Facecoin installed at The New Sublime

(Image copyright @shardcore)

Facecoin is being shown in the show The New Sublime at The Phoenix Gallery in Brighton from September 6th-28th 2014.

You can read about Facecoin at The New Sublime here. It’s in some amazing company in the show, do get to see it if you can.

Facecoin is sublime not in the sense of being delightful but in the sense of being an attempt at cognizing the aesthetics of an encounter with a phenomenon overwhelmingly greater than oneself. Rather than God, the landscape, a storm or some other natural or supernatural event, for Facecoin that phenomenon is the activity of cryptocurrency software. The inhuman scale and super-Stakhanivite work of Bitcoin’s network of computers forms an economic Skynet of loving grace. Facecoin offers a way in to contemplating this, and thereby provides an encounter with the sublime.

Posted in Aesthetics, Art, Art Computing, Projects

Simple Word Frequency in Contemporary Art Daily Press Releases

A simple word frequency count of press releases on Contemporary Art Daily (note split city names):

art:4511
exhibition:4422
work:4160
works:3906
new:3659
artist:3073
one:2195
gallery:2156
museum:1901
paintings:1898
link:1875
also:1765
space:1671
painting:1666
time:1521
like:1493
york:1462
first:1390
artists:1307
show:1282
objects:1230
solo:1222
two:1193
series:1179
form:1077
made:1058
contemporary:1027
world:985
images:978
present:967
sculptures:907
exhibitions:902
sculpture:892
well:873
way:865
group:849
image:832
life:805
film:794
forms:775
different:760
berlin:723
years:721
within:703
body:700
london:675
based:661
material:660
part:656
history:656
three:655
process:650
many:637
recent:636
often:623
2009:614
wall:610
materials:609
installation:607
practice:604
artistic:601
large:599
photographs:597
modern:595
lives:594
light:584
even:581
visual:579
2010:575
2008:568
black:567
since:566
together:556
object:554
use:552
including:551
would:543
white:540
born:536
american:524
become:521
place:518
pleased:516
used:507
another:502
viewer:498
2011:498
self:497
paris:495
early:493
abstract:492
could:491
point:483
room:483
something:482
around:482
project:482
back:476
language:471
drawings:468
subject:466
human:464
include:464
making:459
make:457
los:457
people:457
angeles:454
elements:453
production:453
various:451
created:451
view:449
color:445
surface:442
much:440
video:437
experience:437
title:436
yet:435
sense:432
still:432
found:431
photography:427
paper:427
presented:425
rather:425
social:418
shows:418
always:418
2012:417
city:417
pictures:412
paint:410
seen:408
using:406
galerie:405
hand:403
text:392
see:392
painted:390
create:390
public:388
working:383
2007:381
things:379
culture:379
historical:377
nature:377
idea:375
arts:375
past:374
kunsthalle:372
cultural:371
design:370
long:368
canvas:367
media:366
may:364
presents:363
installations:362
included:361
second:359
reality:356
pieces:355
scale:354
piece:354
relationship:354
whose:353
exhibited:352
specific:352
conceptual:350
thus:350
kind:350
year:350
drawing:346
produced:345
order:343
architecture:341
physical:341
last:341
context:339
formal:337
abstraction:337
spaces:337
individual:336
collection:334
narrative:334
political:333
sculptural:333
shown:331
figures:329
without:327
approach:326
becomes:323
real:323
meaning:323
almost:321
set:321
germany:321

Posted in Art, Art History, Projects

Topics From Press Releases On Contemporary Art Daily

TF-IDF of 25 topics extracted using LDA on press release texts from Contemporary Art Daily:

york, works, work, two, surface, space, solo, show, ribbeck, present, paper, paintings, painting, ortman, one, oehlen, new, manders, made, link, life, gallery, forms, form, first, exhibition, canvas, butzer, based, artists, artist, art
yang, within, time, series, sculptures, quinlan, practice, photographs, objects, like, light, images, also, york, works, work, two, space, show, present, paintings, one, new, made, link, life, gallery, form, first, exhibition, artist, art
sone, place, otto, ontani, knapp, image, floyer, figures, every, even, buren, baer, time, series, light, images, also, works, work, space, present, paintings, one, new, made, link, life, gallery, first, exhibition, canvas, artist
wesley, television, southend, serios, prangenberg, polaroid, order, neill, mirren, mellor, love, los, kowanz, jacques, inherent, goiris, film, clay, camp, angeles, andr, acting, time, like, also, work, show, one, link, exhibition, artists, art
world, way, sculpture, installation, different, film, image, time, series, sculptures, objects, like, light, images, also, works, work, two, space, show, paintings, painting, one, new, made, link, gallery, form, first, exhibition, artist, art
shifu, real, rat, oogway, mullican, matt, m, heikes, book, bear, animals, animal, world, film, even, time, like, images, also, works, work, two, paintings, painting, one, new, link, life, form, exhibition, artist, art
smith, museum, john, contemporary, baldessari, sculpture, los, film, angeles, image, like, images, also, york, works, work, space, solo, show, present, paintings, painting, one, new, made, link, gallery, first, exhibition, artists, artist, art
yet, well, weiner, sound, rosenkranz, merz, melotti, hypnosis, human, gilbert, foulkes, early, darboven, color, boetti, blue, artistic, mullican, matt, world, within, works, work, space, one, new, link, gallery, exhibition, artists, artist, art
three, self, room, mayer, many, jarman, ground, gerber, frue, creed, created, world, different, time, series, like, also, works, work, space, paintings, painting, one, new, link, life, forms, form, exhibition, artists, artist, art
something, paris, materials, kwade, fontaine, everyday, claire, berlin, 2010, world, way, different, image, time, series, sculptures, objects, like, also, works, work, space, show, one, new, made, link, gallery, form, exhibition, artist, art
years, vienna, recent, process, meise, martin, lives, kelm, galerie, exhibitions, paris, berlin, museum, image, series, objects, images, york, works, work, solo, paintings, painting, one, new, link, gallery, form, exhibition, artists, artist, art
history, artistic, museum, world, sculpture, time, series, sculptures, practice, objects, like, also, works, work, two, space, solo, present, paintings, painting, one, new, made, link, gallery, forms, form, first, exhibition, artists, artist, art
v, rather, kind, idea, back, another, abstract, way, place, image, time, series, like, also, works, work, two, space, show, paintings, painting, one, new, made, link, forms, form, first, exhibition, artists, artist, art
wall, spaces, pistoletto, mirror, michelangelo, material, kunstverein, become, materials, contemporary, image, within, objects, like, also, works, work, two, surface, space, present, paintings, painting, one, new, link, gallery, form, first, exhibition, artist, art
wong, together, snake, palermo, may, left, gutai, florence, day, body, material, back, years, martin, human, time, objects, like, also, works, work, two, one, new, link, life, gallery, forms, first, exhibition, artist, art
modern, london, including, group, born, 2009, 2008, recent, lives, exhibitions, berlin, museum, contemporary, series, also, york, works, work, solo, show, present, paintings, painting, one, new, link, gallery, first, exhibition, artists, artist, art
urban, ten, strunz, strau, past, much, minamikawa, klaus, guyton, apple, years, color, image, time, like, also, works, work, space, solo, present, paintings, painting, one, new, link, life, gallery, form, first, exhibition, artist
williams, release, queenland, pirgelis, peter, larry, lara, geys, dibbets, city, camera, buggenhout, blind, bell, almarcegui, back, materials, museum, mullican, series, sculptures, objects, works, work, space, show, painting, new, link, exhibition, artist, art
visual, upon, tobias, subject, since, rehberger, project, production, price, political, others, nashashibi, labour, jochims, jackson, homo, economicus, economic, colour, carlo, burr, berlin, self, sculpture, image, works, work, link, exhibition, artists, artist, art
woolford, various, things, talent, stand, richard, pryor, overton, mccarthy, kunsthalle, house, holzer, hayes, drawings, donelle, counter, bern, years, materials, like, works, work, two, space, show, paintings, one, new, link, first, exhibition, artist
lee, american, modern, including, 2009, history, exhibitions, museum, contemporary, world, time, series, objects, like, also, york, works, work, space, solo, show, paintings, painting, one, new, made, link, gallery, first, exhibition, artist, art
white, social, offers, morris, great, cahn, black, group, body, well, world, time, like, also, york, works, work, space, show, paper, paintings, painting, one, new, link, gallery, form, first, exhibition, artists, artist, art
zobernig, historical, blues, process, exhibitions, museum, contemporary, sculpture, time, sculptures, objects, like, also, works, work, two, space, solo, paintings, painting, one, new, made, link, gallery, forms, form, first, exhibition, artists, artist, art
words, video, sometimes, shaw, red, nathalie, music, marshall, lines, films, dubuffet, double, djurberg, berg, barry, ball, zobernig, black, way, sculpture, figures, series, sculptures, works, two, space, paintings, painting, one, link, form, exhibition
would, want, thought, think, thing, still, see, say, right, really, people, never, know, get, could, always, things, much, kind, back, something, well, world, way, even, time, like, also, work, show, one, art

 

Posted in Art Computing, Projects

Agoric Aesthetics & Philosophy

Agorizing aesthetics and philosophy means producing them using market pricing mechanisms. The model for this is the market-based software of agoric computing. The advantage of such a system is that it incentivises both production and efficiency. By internalizing market forces, the perverse incentives of gamified systems such as academic research points can be avoided.

An agoric system needs a currency, for efficiency’s sake we will use a cryptocurrency. There are several ways of implementing a currency for an agoric system using cryptocurrency systems. We can use coloured coins, nxt or Counterparty assets, or Ethereum contracts similar to the Token System example in the Ethereum White Paper to create coins, tokens, or other quantifiable valences. For simplicity’s sake I will call all of these “tokens”. Different implementations allow different capabilities: fungibility, revocation, transferrability.

An artist group or artistic movement can use a store of tokens allocated by vote or other mechanism to artists or artworks that they deem part of the movement and its output. The Cypherfunks project is an existing example of such a system. Such a system combines the nominative practices of Dadaist, Conceptual and some Pop/Post-Pop art with the social and aesthetic function of materially identifying in and out groups. A single-artist token could be used to create an oeuvre in the style of Duchamp or Kostabi.

Art critics can use tokens to embody critique. A single-value token can be used to embody critical approval, a pair of oppositely valanced tokens to represent approval/opprobrium (and to revise critical opinion should it later change), a family of tokens with different star rankings can be used to implement a star system at the cost of fungibility. The critic sends tokens either to the artist’s address in the cryptocurrency system or to an address representing the hash or proxy hash of the artwork. The artist or artwork’s standing can be found by counting the number and kind of critical tokens associated with it.

Philosophical treatises can be constructed agorically. Axioms and citations, logical and rhetorical moves can be assigned point costs either as classes (premise, objection, rebuttal) or individually (Derrida, Arendt, Meillassoux). Each usage increases the price of the essay. Point costs and budgets can be assigned per hundred words or for a given form (short essay, review, thesis, journal article etc.) or context (particular journals, web sites, or educational institutions). Essays are then written to the budget. Or price essays according to the system and then let publishers (and readers) choose which to consume on that basis. For a more dynamic system prices can be set using a PageRank-style system as a product of the cost of cited works.

Pricing this essay is left as an exercise for the reader…

Posted in Art

Fear Of Smart Contracts

Babylon, 1772BC, about tea time.
King Hammurabi is explaining the idea of laws to several learned persons.

Hammurabi: So these laws will regulate how we go about our business in society, backed by the coercive power of the state.

Learned Person 1: Hang on. These laws seem to create a causal and moral domain of their own distinct from mere human intercourse. What if they go wrong?

Learned Person 2: Yes, yes! And what if they act against society? Or are written to be evil.

Hammurabi: I’m your king. I would never write bad laws.

Learned Person 1: Yes but suppose a bad king took over. What then? We need something to protect society from these “laws” if they go wrong.

Learned Person 3: Indeed. Most indeededly so.

Hammurabi: Well alright. I’ll add some laws governing the creation and application of laws. That way, laws can be used to govern laws.

Learned Person 3: But that would be like asking the wolf to account for his consumption of lambs!

Learned Person 1: Yes I really don’t see how using laws to alleviate the potential harm of laws works. That’s just circular logic.

Learned Person 4: Yes. What next? Perpetual motion? You’re just begging the question.

Hammurabi: I’m your ****ing king! Shut up and agree with me!

Learned Person 3: If we shut up how are we to agree with you? What do your “laws” say about that?

Learned Person 2: Yeah. There should be laws against people like you…

Hammurabi: GUARDS!

Posted in Satire

Object Oriented Ontology Critique Response Generator

You’re missing the point.

Posted in Satire

Ethereum – Art Market

Here is a contract that allows you to register as the owner of a digital artwork contained in a particular file (identified by its cryptographic hash value) at a particular URL. The use of a URL is inspired by the excellent Monegraph, which launched shortly after I started working on Ethereum contracts for art. Monegraph uses the existing NameCoin system, which can be implemented in Ethereum as a two line contract.

This contract is longer than that as it’s recording and managing more information. It also allows you to offer the artwork for sale (in exchange for Ether, Ethereum’s built-in currency), either to a specific individual or generally, or to transfer it to a specific individual without charging them within the contract.

{
 (def 'next-record 0x10)
 (def 'RECORD-SIZE 64)
 ;; Next record position
 ;; This starts one cell above the maximum value of RipeMD
 [[next-record]] 0x10000000000000000000000000000000000000000

 (return
   0x0
   (lll
     {
      ;; Action
      ;; 0 - first cell in message
      [action] (calldataload 0)
      (when (= @action "register")
        {
         ;;TODO: Check correct message length
         ;;TODO: Check digest in range
         ;; Artwork digest
         [digest] (calldataload 32)
         ;; If already registered, don't continue
         (when @@ @digest
           (return "Arwork already registered."))
         ;; Get storage for new record
         [storage] @@next-record
         ;; Store digest
         [[@storage]] @digest
         ;; Artist account
         [storage] (+ @storage 1)
         [[@storage]] (caller)
         ;; Artist resale percentage
         [storage] (+ @storage 1)
         [[@storage]] (calldataload 64)
         ;; Artist is the current owner
         [storage] (+ @storage 1)
         [[@storage]] (caller)
         ;; Skip purchaser and price
         [storage] (+ @storage 3)
         ;; Copy over the url and description
         ;; 96 is 32 x 3 = 3rd cell in message
         [source] 96
         (for [i] 6    (< @i 64)    [i] (+ @i 1)
              {
               [[@storage]] (calldataload @source)
               [storage] (+ @storage 1)
               [source] (+ @source 32)
               })
         ;; Store digest-to-record link
         [[@digest]] @@next-record
         ;; Increment next record position
         [[next-record]] (+ @@next-record RECORD-SIZE)
         })
      (when (= @action "offer")
        {
         ;;TODO: Check correct message length
         ;;TODO: Check digest in range
         ;; Get artwork record storage for digest or stop
         ;; 32 = second cell in message
         [storage] @@(calldataload 32)
         (when (not @storage)
           (return "Artwork not registered."))
         ;; If the caller is the owner
         (when (= @@ (+ @storage 3) (caller))
           {
            ;; Offer subject
            [[(+ @storage 4)]] (calldataload 64)
            ;; Offer price
            [[(+ @storage 5)]] (calldataload 96)
            })
         })
      (when (= @action "accept")
        {
         ;;TODO: Check correct message length
         ;;TODO: Check digest in range
         ;;TODO: Error messages for bad price or buyer
         ;; Get artwork record storage for digest or stop
         ;; 32 = second cell in message
         [storage] @@(calldataload 32)
         (when (not @storage)
           (return "Artwork not registered."))
         [buyer] @@(+ @storage 4)
         [price] @@(+ @storage 5)
         ;; If the caller is the buyer and it's the correct payment
         ;; Or there's no buyer and it's the correct nonzero payment
         (when (|| (&& (= @buyer (caller))
                       (= @price (callvalue)))
                   (&& (= @buyer 0)
                       (> @price 0)))
           {
            ;; For payment
            ;; Ethereum doesn't allow fractional amounts
            ;; Warn users about making prices divisible
            [hundredth] (/ @price 100)
            [arr] @@(+ @storage 2)
            ;; Pay artist
            (call (- (gas) 250) @@(+ @storage 1) (* @hundredth @arr) 0 0 0 0)
            ;; Pay owner
            (call (- (gas) 250) @@(+ @storage 3) (* @hundredth (- 100 @arr)) 0 0 0 0)
            ;; Transfer ownership
            [[(+ @storage 3)]] (caller)
            ;; Clear offer subject and price
            [[(+ @storage 4)]] 0
            [[(+ @storage 5)]] 0
            })
         })
      }
     0x0))}

Here’s the top and the bottom of the main UI (implemented in HTML and JavaScript for the AlethZero Ethereum client).

registry1
registry3
You can enter a URL and get the cryptographic hash for it.

registry2
If the artwork has already been registered, this will show its details.

registry5
Or if not you can register it.

registry4
Once you’ve registered an artwork you are the artist of it and you also own it. You can offer any artwork you own for sale.

registry6
And you can accept a sale offer, paying the specified amount of Ether.

registry7
The UI warns you how much Ether you are about to spend.

registry8
And when you buy an artwork it lets you know when the transfer is complete.

registry9
It’s a market in allographic digital art. In contrast to the existing art market it is entirely public and transparent. And in contrast to many jurisdictions it implements the controversial “Artist’s Resale Right” in a voluntary way (in a way similar to that suggested in “The Social Lives of Artistic Property“). If it’s prohibitively difficult to experiment in the existing art market, we can make new markets for new kinds of art. Like this one.

Posted in Art, Ethereum, Projects

Ethereum – Art Is…

Here is a contract that allows anyone to define what art is. It contains a single set of twelve statements about art. They are encoded as hexadecimal values which are interpreted as sentences in a simple subset of International Art English and displayed by the UI.

{
 ;; Constant values
 ;; Price base (wei), doubled for each definition up to DEFS-COUNT
 (def 'PRICE-BASE 10)
 ;; Add to the index to get the price base exponent
 (def 'PRICE-FACTOR-ADD 10)
 ;; Number of definitions
 (def 'DEFS-COUNT 12)
 ;; Range of values for definitions
 (def 'DEF-MIN 0x1)
 (def 'DEF-MAX 0x0F0F0F0F)

 ;; Storage locations
 (def 'artist 0x10)
 (def 'defs-base 0x100)
 (def 'theorists-base 0x200)

 ;; State
 ;; Contract owner/payee
 [[artist]] (caller)

 (return
   0x0
   (lll
     {
     [action] (calldataload 0)
      (when (= @action "set")
        {
         [index] (calldataload 32)
         [definition] (calldataload 64)
         [price] (exp PRICE-BASE (+ @index 1 PRICE-FACTOR-ADD))
         ;; If the index is in range and the caller paid enough to set it
         (when (&& (>= @definition DEF-MIN)
                   (<= @definition DEF-MAX)
                   (< @index DEFS-COUNT)
                   (= (callvalue) @price))
           {
            ;; Update definition
            [[(+ defs-base @index)]] @definition
            [[(+ theorists-base @index)]] (caller)
            (- (gas) 100) @@artist @price 0 0 0 0
            })
         })
      }
     0x0))
 }

The contract is in lll rather than Serpent this time.

Here’s what the UI looks like.
art_is1
And here’s what it looks like when a statement is being edited.
is_art2
The contract allows the statements to be edited but it costs progressively more to do so: the first costs 10 Wei, the third costs 1000 and so on. This ensures that art theorists place a value on their definition, thereby indicating how confident in and/or serious about their definition they are. The higher the value, the less likely it is to be changed by someone else. This combines art theory with behavioral economics.

Posted in Aesthetics, Art, Art Computing, Ethereum, Projects

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